NSK Ltd. CSR Division Headquarters Public Relations Department
New Product: Tapered Roller Bearings for Lean Lubrication Conditions in EVs
Contributing to higher fuel economy (lower electricity consumption).
NSK Ltd. (NSK; Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan; President & CEO: Toshihiro Uchiyama) has developed a new tapered roller bearing for use in electric vehicles (including hybrid, fuel cell, and battery electric vehicles) that offers long-life even under severely lean lubrication conditions.
The newly developed bearings dramatically boost seizure resistance under lean lubrication, improving gearbox reliability (transmission reliability, etc.), enabling the use of smaller lubrication systems, increasing efficiency, and facilitating smaller, more compact gearbox designs.
NSK is targeting 2 billion yen in sales by 2025.
NSK is exhibiting the new tapered roller bearing alongside a host of new mobility and EV technologies at Tokyo Motor Show 2019 (Oct 24 - Nov 4).
As public awareness of and concern for the environment continues to increase, consumers and businesses around the world are demanding better fuel economy from motor vehicles, leading to the rapid development of EVs (including hybrid, fuel cell, and battery electric vehicles).
Improving the efficiency of the gearbox and reducing the size/weight of components is essential to extending the maximum driving range of EVs. To improve efficiency and reduce size, bearings need to be small and offer low energy loss. To this end, tapered roller bearings can bear relatively large loads for their size, but have rollers held in place by a rib, which contacts the roller's end.
As lubrication amount is reduced, conventional tapered roller bearings more frequently seize due to damage from sliding contact in this region, making it difficult to significantly simplify lubrication systems and reduce the amount of oil used. Accordingly NSK developed a new tapered bearing to overcome this hurdle and open the path to further progress.
To overcome lean lubrication conditions, NSK developed a special cage that retains and distributes oil in fine grooves via capillary action. The oil is held in the cage near the roller end, and when lubrication is low, the oil seeps out of the fine grooves to the area most in need of lubrication.
1. Seven times higher seizure resistance with oil supply shut off.
After startup and initial driving, which lubricates components, EVs often shut off the oil pump to conserve power, resulting in an overall reduced (lean) lubrication supply. There are also challenges to starting the vehicle at lower temperatures, such as a dramatically increased oil viscosity leading to difficulty in supplying oil to the bearings. NSK's new product achieves seven times higher seizure resistance after shutting off the oil pump compared to our conventional tapered bearings.
2. Reduce lubricating oil amount by over 95% for effectively zero churning loss.
Gearbox bearings lubricated by oil bath systems can be redesigned to use a more efficient oil spray system. Compared to our conventional tapered bearings, our new product requires 95% less lubrication oil to prevent seizure. This enables a smaller pump to be used and eliminates churning loss.
3. Downsize bearings to save space.
Reduced bearing width by optimizing cage shape. 10% narrower and 5% less mass than our conventional tapered bearings.
Improves the efficiency of gearbox (transmission, etc.) and enables size reductions, contributing to improved energy efficiency (fuel economy) in EVs.
About NSK Ltd.
NSK started its journey manufacturing the first bearings in Japan in 1916, and has since developed into a global organization researching, designing, and manufacturing Motion & Control™ solutions supporting essential mobility and industry applications. NSK is currently the top supplier of bearings in Japan, and is the third largest supplier in the world by market share.
Our responsive products and technologies are used to enhance automotive performance and industrial productivity while reducing energy consumption to unprecedented low levels.
In the early 1960s we set our sights outside Japan, and to date, have established over 200 business locations across 30 countries.
NSK Corporate Philosophy
NSK contributes to a safer, smoother society and helps protect the global environment through its innovative technology integrating Motion & Control. As a truly international enterprise, we are working across national boundaries to improve relationships between people throughout the world.
NSK Vision 2026: Setting the Future in Motion
Contributing to society while growing as a company-NSK will set the future in motion by creating new value beyond the world's expectations.