NSK Ltd. (NSK; Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan; President & CEO: Toshihiro Uchiyama) has developed a new ultra-high-speed bearing ideal for electric vehicles, including battery electric, hybrid, and other new energy vehicles.
The new bearing enables electric motors to operate at higher speeds, improving fuel economy (reducing power consumption per unit distance), increasing maximum vehicle range, and contributing to enhanced user comfort. NSK is targeting 10 billion yen in sales by 2030.
1. Development Background
Protecting the environment is vital to the continued prosperity of societies around the world. To enhance sustainability, the automotive industry is rapidly expanding the development and production of electric vehicles, hybrids, and other new energy vehicles. However, maximum range on a single charge remains a concern for consumers, and there is significant demand for larger capacity battery packs and/or improved efficiency to allow for greater flexibility and peace of mind when purchasing battery EV and other new energy vehicles.
In light of these needs, automakers are pursuing smaller and lighter automotive components, and developing faster, higher output motors operating at higher efficiencies. Accordingly, bearings used in powertrains, especially in electric motors, are being subjected to increasingly higher speeds and performance demands.
Bearing rotation during high speed operation can cause grease deterioration due to high temperatures, resulting in bearing seizure/failure. High speeds can also lead to the bearing cage being deformed/destroyed by centrifugal force.
2. Product features
Proprietary NSK Grease Provides Superior Seizure Resistance
- The new bearing is filled with a special NSK grease that reduces heat generated during high speed operation, prolonging both grease and bearing life as well as reducing the risk of seizure compared to conventional products.
Newly Developed Cage
- Thinner (lighter) retainer tabs reduce cage deformation or breakage due to centrifugal force.
- Higher rigidity cage base (spine) resists deformation at high speeds.
- The new design significantly reduces deformation of the cage during high speed operation for reliable long-term use.
Newly Developed Cage Material - High Rigidity Cage Resin
- High rigidity and high heat resistance reduces cage deformation during high speed operation.
- High rigidity reduces effect of centrifugal force, thereby reducing cage deformation during high speed operation.
3. World Leading Performance
Proprietary NSK grease and newly developed cage enable bearing operation at dmN1 = 1.4 million (e.g. 35 mm bore diameter bearing at 30,000 RPM).
1 dmN: A measure of bearing rotational performance. The product of bearing pitch diameter (dm) and rotational speed (N).
4. Customer Benefits
NSK's newly developed bearing offers the highest permissible speeds in the world2 for automotive motors. This enables customers to develop and implement electric motors that operate at significantly higher speeds. Higher motor output contributes to improving fuel economy (reducing power consumption per unit distance), increasing maximum vehicle range, and contributing to enhanced user comfort.
Higher speeds also enable utilization of smaller motors, reducing vehicle weight and increasing space for other components, more battery cells, or a larger vehicle interior.
In pursuit of leading-edge technology, NSK is continuing development and expects to announce bearing models capable of dmN = 1.6 million by the end of 2020.
2 Based on NSK investigation of grease filled automotive bearings.
NSK began its journey manufacturing the first bearings in Japan in 1916, and has since developed into a global organization researching, designing, and manufacturing Motion & Control? solutions essential for mobility and industrial applications. NSK is the top supplier of bearings in Japan and is the third largest supplier in the world by market share.
Our responsive products and technologies enhance automotive performance and industrial productivity while reducing energy consumption to unprecedented low levels. In the early 1960s, we set our sights outside Japan and have established over 200 business locations in 30 countries alongside a vast network of joint ventures and partnerships in all corners of the world.
NSK Corporate Philosophy
NSK contributes to a safer, smoother society and helps protect the global environment through its innovative technology integrating Motion & Control. As a truly international enterprise, we are working across national boundaries to improve relationships between people throughout the world.